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What I need to know about gum disease


Posted on 6/6/2022 by Pacific Maxillofacial Center
What I need to know about gum diseaseGum disease is usually caused by plaque, tartar, and calculus buildup. The buildup of plaque and tartar causes bacterial infection in the gum, spreading below the gum line to the roots and the jawbone. Some symptoms of gum disease include recession of gums, halitosis, sensitivity, and loss of teeth that could fall out. The gums swell, bleed and get sore. It is recommended to visit a dentist regularly for removal and deep cleaning.

Gum disease explained


There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the onset and mild form of gum disease. Gingivitis primarily manifests as bleeding, sore and red gums. Brushing and flossing aggravate the bleeding and biting into hard foods. Gingivitis only affects the gum line and can be reversed through proper oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist for deep cleaning.

Periodontitis, the more severe and advanced form of gum disease, is simply gingivitis left untreated. It is characterized as an increase in inflammation of the gums, bleeding, soreness, and the sulcus deepening. These are pockets that form on the gum line leaving the tooth exposed and could lead to bone loss and tooth loosening. Periodontics help treats the condition through root planing and scaling, bone and gum grafting and cleaning/repairing the deep pockets. Unless the bone is restored, falling off the teeth or extraction may occur.

How to prevent the disease


One should brush teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day. Rinsing the mouth with antimicrobial mouth rinse or salty water often, especially after meals and snacks, helps remove leftovers and wash out bacteria. It is also essential to follow a nutrient-dense balanced diet to enrich and strengthen the gums and bones. It also helps reduce the risk of infection by boosting immunity. Regular dental visits for checkups, follow-ups and professional cleaning are recommended at least once every three months. Ditching some lifestyle habits like smoking and drinking alcohol helps prevent gum disease.
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Pacific Maxillofacial Center, 1060 Young Street #312, Honolulu, HI 96814 : 808-585-8455 : pacificmaxcenter.com : 12/4/2022 : Page Phrases: Dental Implants Honolulu :