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Types of Anesthesia Used in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery


Posted on 6/3/2024 by Pacific Maxillofacial Center
 patient receiving nitrous oxide during a dental procedureOral and maxillofacial surgery often requires anesthesia to ensure patient comfort and safety throughout the procedure. Several types of anesthesia may be utilized, each tailored to the unique needs of the patient and the complexity of the surgery.

Local Anesthesia


Local anesthesia is commonly used in oral and maxillofacial surgeries. It involves numbing a specific area of the mouth or face, allowing the patient to remain awake during the procedure. A local anesthetic agent is injected directly into the surgical site, blocking nerve signals and preventing pain sensation. This type of anesthesia is ideal for minor procedures such as tooth extraction or gum surgery.

General Anesthesia


General anesthesia induces a state of unconsciousness, rendering the patient completely unaware and unresponsive during the surgery. General anesthesia is often preferred for complex surgeries like the treatment of traumatic facial injuries or jaw reconstruction surgery.

Nitrous Oxide


Laughing gas, or nitrous oxide, is a gentle sedative inhaled using a mask. It creates a sense of lightheadedness and euphoria, reducing anxiety and discomfort. While you will remain conscious, the procedure may feel hazy, and time may seem distorted. Nitrous oxide is popular for short procedures due to its quick onset and reversal effects.

Intravenous (IV)


For those requiring deeper sedation, intravenous (IV) sedation may be recommended. This method involves the administration of medication directly into the bloodstream. IV medications can bring on a state of deep relaxation where you are less aware of your surroundings and may not remember much of the procedure afterward.

Oral Sedation


Oral sedation is taken as a tablet before oral and maxillofacial surgery. It helps patients feel tired and relaxed, which can ease anxiety. Even though the patient is still conscious and can respond, oral sedation makes his experience seem shorter.

The availability of various anesthesia options allows oral and maxillofacial surgeons to tailor anesthetic techniques to meet the individual needs of each patient and the procedure requirements. If you have any questions or concerns about anesthesia for your upcoming oral surgery, do not hesitate to discuss them with our surgeon. Your comfort and well-being are our top priorities.

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Pacific Maxillofacial Center, 1060 Young Street #312, Honolulu, HI 96814 • 808-585-8455 • pacificmaxcenter.com • 7/19/2024 • Tags: Dental Implants Honolulu •